「职称英语」知识点解说大全

时间:2022-02-21 00:30 作者:亚慱体育app在线下载ios
本文摘要:一、职称英语报考指南·报名时间 每年11月中下旬(双休日除外),逾期不再补报。·考试时间 全国专业技术人员职称英语品级考试一般为每年4月的第二个星期日举行·考试级别/适用规模 以下是全国职称外语品级考试级别划分及适用规模,请大家凭据自己的职称英语要求选择报考。

亚慱体育app在线下载ios

一、职称英语报考指南·报名时间  每年11月中下旬(双休日除外),逾期不再补报。·考试时间  全国专业技术人员职称英语品级考试一般为每年4月的第二个星期日举行·考试级别/适用规模  以下是全国职称外语品级考试级别划分及适用规模,请大家凭据自己的职称英语要求选择报考。

  考试品级 申报职称 职称系列A级B级C级  高校教师教授、副教授讲师  自然科学研究与社会科学研究研究员、副研究员助理研究员社会科学研究(研究员、副研究员第二外语)  卫生技术(医、药、护、技)主任医(药、护、技)师副主任医(药、护、技)师⑴主治(管)医(药、护、技)师 ⑵在县及县以下所属单元事情的人员申报正、副主任医(药、护、技)师,在县及县以下所属单元事情的人员申报主治(管)医(药、护、技)师。  工程技术高级工程师(含教授级高级工程师)⑴工程师 ⑵在县及县以下所属单元事情的人员申报高级工程师(含教授级高级工程师)⑵在县及县以下所属单元事情的人员申报工程师。  农业技术农业技术推广研究员高级农艺师农艺师  实验技术 高级实验室实验师  种学教师  中学高级教师  中等专业学校教师 高级讲师讲师  技工学校教师 高级讲师(高级实习指导教师)讲师  经济专业高级国际商务师高级经济师 国际商务师经济师 助理国际商务师  会计专业 高级会计师会计师  统计专业   高级统计师统计师  审计专业 高级审计师审计师  体育教练员国家级教练高级教练一级教练  工艺美术专业 高级工艺美术师工艺美术师  翻译专业 译审、副译审(第二外语)翻译(第二外语)  播音专业播音指导主任播音员一级播音员  新闻专业高级记者(高级编辑)主任记者(主任编辑)记者(编辑)  艺术(广播电视艺术)艺术一级艺术二级、主任舞台技师艺术三级、舞台技师  出书专业编审副编审编辑(一级校对)  文博专业、图书资料专业、档案专业研究馆员副研究馆员馆员  公证员一级公证员二级公证员三级公证员  状师一级状师二级状师三级状师·报考种别的选择  综合类,理工类,卫生类考试原则上没有严格的界线。

综合类文章可以考到理工类去,理工类可以考到卫生类和综合类。三类考试之间没有严格界线区分。国家在每位考生评定职称的时候,到底要求是理工类结果,卫生类结果,基本上国家还没有明确划定。

如果你评定主任医师,卫生类职称,你可以考综合类,也可以考卫生类。严格意义上没有很严格的要求。到底决议报综合类,理工类,还是卫生类,有两个依据。

首先问一下自己单元的人,要评定职称要报什么类比力合适。如果单元没有明确要求和划定的话,可以凭据自己的现实情况选择,如果事情中接触的文章都是理工类的文章,那就报理工类。

如果接触的文章是社会类文章,那就报综合类。·免考划定  取得外语(从事翻译事情人员及外语教师第二外语)专业专科及以上学历的人员申报中、高级职称评审;获得博士学位申报高级(含正高级)职称评审;获得硕士学位申报中级职称评审;留学回国人员首次到场职称评审;申报副高级职称评审时已取得职称外语及格证书(含1977年底前到场事情人员外语结果到达45分)的人员申报正高级职称评审;到场《全国工商企业出国培训备选人员外语考试》,通过中(Ⅰ)级者申报中级职称评审,通过高(A)级者申报高级职称评审等五类考 生可免职称外语品级考试。  凡到场国家人事部和北京市人事局组织的各种专业技术资格考试和职(执)业资格考试取得资格证书的人员,聘用单元可凭据岗位需要自主决议对应聘人员的外语水 平要求。

凡实行考评联合的系列(专业)及体育教练员、工艺美术、广播电视艺术、技校高级实习指导教师系列(专业),外语考试结果可不作为申报条件,其及格 结果或当年考试结果作为职称评审的要素之一。·注意事项  为了保证报考信息的准确收罗和处置惩罚,报考人员在报名和考试时要注意以下事项:  1、凭据各省市人事厅(局)考试中心公布的报名法式和要求,到指定的报名点领取报名表。如果划定实行光电阅读器--盘算机自动收罗报名信息,还要领取报名信息卡和《报考手册》。

由单元团体组织报名的,应按本人所在单元划定的详细法式报考。  2、如实、准确、工致地填写报名表中的各有关项目,并由所在单元加盖公章。

使用报名信息卡的,除按要求填写报名表外,还应严格根据《报考手册》中划定的填涂工具和填涂要求,认真、准确填涂好报名信息卡。报名表和报名信息卡填好后,应认真检查,确保报名的填写和报名信息卡的填涂准确无误。

3、携带报名表、报名信息卡、照片、身份证和其它所需证件到报名点管理报名手续,报名点发给每一报考人员一个报名序号,该报名序号应生存好,以备后用。二、职称英语考试技巧给大家说说体贴的“字典”问题:针对职称英语考试中的第一部门词汇题,我建议大家带一本同义词词典(双解词典),这类词典的特点是用几个同义词注解某一英文单词,大家可以很是利便地在注解中找到谜底。有了字典,又该如何查呢?我经常听到有学员在答疑室中说:某某单词在字典里查不到,其实不是字典里没有,而是他们不会查,最常见到的情况有两种:第一种:分不清单词词性;如:1. Before leaving the house, she closed the windows. 2. She is close to success.两句话里都有close,可是词性差别,第一句话里的是动词,因为有形式上的变化(-ed);而第二句话里的close跟在is的后面,而且形式上没有变化,因此判断为形容词。

当寻找他们的同义词时,应针对差别的词性加以判断。这一点对于大家来说很是重要!第二中:分不清划线单词是原形,现在分词或已往式:如:Her sister urged her to apply for the job. (P602)advised B.caused C.forced D.promised如果去字典里查urged,固然是查不到的。Tickets are limited and will be allocated to those who apply first.(P461)posted B. Sent C.handed D. Given接下来,我们一起练几题,大家可以八仙过海各显神通,看谁做得又快又好!1. Practically all animals communicate through sounds.A.Clearly B.Almost C.Absolutely D.Basically 2. The story was very touching.A.Inspiring B.Boring C.Moving D.absorbingYou should have blended the butter with the sugar thoroughly.A.Spread B.Mixed C.Beaten D.covered4. I won’t tolerate that kind of behaviour.A.bear  B.accept  C.admit  D.take 5. The index is the government’s chief gauge of future economic activity.A.method  B.measure  C.way  D.manner阅读明白常用提问方式1.有关主旨题的提问方式:1) The main(主要的)idea(思想,主意)of this passage(文章) is… 2)Which of the following(下列的)statements(句子)best expresses(表达) the main idea of the passage?3) The passage mainly discusses(讨论)…4)This passage mainly deals with(涉及)… 5) The author’s purpose(意图) in writing this passage is… 6)What is the passage mainly about? 2.有关细节题的提问方式:1)Some people do sth. because ____________?2)According to the passage, we can know that ___________.3)What … ? Which … ? Who (Whom) … ? When (What time)…4)Which of the following statements is true except...? Which of the following statementsis not mentioned? Which of the following is mentioned? Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE? 3.有关词语释义题的提问方式:1) The word “…”in line(行)… refers to(指)… 2) In paragraph 4,“ it ” refer to (means)……… 4.有关推理判断题的提问方式:1) It can be inferred(推断) from the passage that….2) Which of the following can be inferred?3) It can be concluded (结论) from the passage that … . 5.有关作者看法意图题的提问方式:1) The author’s main(主要的)purpose(目的) in this passage is….2) The author’s purpose of writing this passage is….3) In this passage the author’s attitude(看法)could best..4) The author’s main thought(思想) is that… 众所周知,阅读明白题的成败关乎到考试能否及格,所以一定要掌握好的解题方法,在大家词汇量都不是许多的情况下,方法就显得极其重要!阅读明白例题:例一:Light Night,Dark Stars1. Thousands of people around the globe step outside to gaze at their night sky.On a clear night, with no clouds, moonlight,or artificial lights to block the view,people can see more than 14,000 stars in the sky,says Dennis Ward,an astronomer with the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research(UCAR)in Boulder,Colo.But when people are surrounded by city lights.he says,they’re lucky to see 150 stars.2. If you've ever driven toward a big city at night and seen its glow from a great distance, you’ve witnessed light pollution.It occurs when light from streetlights,office buildings,signs,and other sources streams into space and illuminates the night sky.This haze of light makes many stars invisible to people on Earth.Even at night,big cities like New York glow from light pollution, making stargazing difficult。

3. Dust and particles of pollution from factories and industries worsen the effects ot light pollution.“If one city has a lot more light pollution than another,”Ward says,“that city will suffer the effects of light pollution on a much greater scale.”4. Hazy skies also make it far more difficult for astronomers to do their jobs.5. Cities are getting larger.Suburbs are growing in once dark,rural areas.Light from all this new development is increasingly obscuring tile faint light given off by distant stars.And if scientists can't locate these objects,they can’t learn more about them.6. Light pollution doesn’t only affect star visibility.It can harm wildlife too.It’s clear that artificial light call attract animals,making them go off course”.There’s increasing evidence.For example, that migrating birds use sunsets and sunrises to help find their way, says Sydney Gauthreaus Jr., a scientist at Clemson University in South Carolina.“When light occurs at night,” he says, “it has a very disruptive influence.”Sometimes birds fly into lighted towers,high rises,and cables from radio and televisioll towers.Experts estimate that millions of birds die this way every year. 1. When can people see 14000 stars?A When they have a fairly good telescope.B When they are in a large city.C When the night sky is clear of clouds,moonlight and artificial lights.D When the night sky is without haze and fog.2.Which of the following statements is NOT related to light pollution?A A haze of light formed from artificial lights such as streetlights and building lights.B Lights from different sources in the city stream into space and illuminate the night sky.C The night sky is illuminated by the lights from big glowing cities in the night.D Stargazing becomes difficult because there is a layer of haze in the air.3.Does the writer think growing cities affect astronomers’work?Why does he think so?A Yes.Because the once dark rural areas are polluted by lights.B No.Because they can still see stars in rural areas.C.Yes.Because rural areas are not a good place for astronomers to study stars。D. No. Because faint light given off by stars call still be seen on a clear night4. How does light pollutiotl affect wildlife? Which of the following is NOT correct?A . Animals may go off course due to the attraction of artificial lights.B . Animals might be attracted by artificial lights to go into cities.C. Artificial lights at night may make migrating birds lose their way.D Attracted by artificial lights,birds fly into lighted buildings.5.Which of the following is closest in meaning to the title”Light Night,Dark Stars”?A. The night sky is light colored and stars are black.B. Lights appear at night and stars are seen in the dark.C. Cities lights illunfinate the night sky and make stars invisible.D City lights at night illuminate stars in the sky.先明白标题,推测文章内容:Light Night,Dark Stars。

没有生词,明亮的夜晚,昏暗的星空。只是看题目,还不易推测出文章的主要内容,因此,要快速浏览全文,看能否找到泛起频率较高的词或短语,它们有可能就是文章的焦点!大家看到了我用黑线标出了泛起频率最多的短语:light pollution.所以可以推测文章的内容和光污染有关。

接下来判断所给5题的题型,我们发现1至4都是细节题,因此只需要找到关键词逐一回覆即可。而第5题是主旨题,而且是最后一题,所以要等文章读完后最后做。1. When can people see 14000 stars?A When they have a fairly good telescope当他们有一个很是不错的望远镜.B When they are in a large city当他们在大都会时.C When the night sky is clear of clouds,moonlight and artificial lights当夜空中没有云、月光和人造灯光时.D When the night sky is without haze and fog当夜空没有阴霾和大雾时.分析:关键词很容易找14000 stars,在第一段泛起了该词:Thousands of people(数以千计的人) around the globe (世界上)step outside(走出去)to gaze at(注视) their night sky.On a clear(晴朗的) night, with no clouds, moonlight,or artificial (人造的)lights to block(遮挡、盖住) the view,people can see more than 14,000 stars in the sky(谜底C),says Dennis Ward,an astronomer(天文学家) with the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research(UCAR)in Boulder,Colo.But when people are surrounded (被。

困绕)by city lights.he says,they’re lucky to see 150 stars.增补:请注意短语:be clear of sth: 无阻碍、障碍、危险如:Wait until the road is clear of traffic before crossing.(等到路上没车时再过马路。) 2.Which of the following statements(叙述) is NOT related to(同。有关) light pollution?A A haze of light is formed from artificial lights such as streetlights and building lights(阴霾的光是由人造光而形成的,如路灯和修建物的光).B Lights from different sources in the city stream into space and illuminate the night sky来自于差别泉源的光进入太空并照亮了夜空.C The night sky is illuminated by the lights from big glowing cities in the night夜空由晚上大都会发出的光照亮.D Stargazing(star + gazing张望星星) becomes difficult because there is a layer of haze in the air由于空气中有一层霾,所以张望星星变得难题.分析:本题的关键词是light pollution,而且根据题目的题号应该在文章的前面,所以从第二段找找看:If you've ever driven toward a big city at night and seen its glow from a great distance(谜底C), you’ve witnessed(见证、眼见) light pollution.It occurs when light from streetlights,office buildings,signs,and other sources streams into space and illuminates the night sky(谜底A,B表述).This haze of light makes many stars invisible to people on Earth.Even at night,big cities like New York glow from light pollution, making stargazingdifficult(请注意这句话并不是谜底D,他们差别,该句是说:甚至在晚上,许多像纽约这样的大都会所发生的灯光使张望星星变得难题。

)所以,D的表述同光污染没有关联。3.Does the writer think growing cities affect astronomers’ work?Why does he think so?A Yes.Because the once dark rural areas are polluted by lights因为曾经黑暗的乡村地域被光污染了.B No.Because they Call still see stars in rural areas.C.Yes.Because rural areas are not a good place for astronomers to study stars因为乡村地域不是一个好的研究星星的地方。D. No. Because faint light given off by stars call still be seen on a clear night分析:题目是说:不停扩大的都会会影响天文学家的事情吗?为什么他会这样认为?在A谜底中我们可以看到线索词:polluted 和lights.所以,凭据阅读的纪律,只要和线索词有关的谜底,多数就是最终谜底。

如果大家想检查谜底是否正确的话,也可以带着关键词astronomers 去找谜底:Hazy skies also make it far more difficult for astronomers to do their jobs.通过对句子的分析,清除谜底B,D.留下A,C.在接下来的段落中可以对谜底加以判断:Cities are getting larger.Suburbs(郊区) are growing in once dark,rural areas.Light from all this new development is increasingly obscuring(使。变得模糊) the faint (微弱的)light given off by distant stars.And if scientists can't locate(确定。

的位置) these objects,they can’t learn more about them.总结:做阅读明白时大家需要牢牢抓住文章的中心或焦点词,只要被选项中有焦点内容的泛起就可以推测为正确谜底!4. How does light pollution affect wildlife? Which of the following is NOT correct?A . Animals may go off course due to the attraction of artificial lights由于受到人造光的吸引,动物们可能偏离航向.B . Animals might be attracted by artificial lights to go into cities.动物们可能会受到人造光的吸引而进入都会C. Artificial lights at night may make migrating birds lose their way.夜间的人造光可能会使迁徙的鸟类们迷路D Attracted by artificial lights,birds fly into lighted buildings.由于受到人造光的吸引,鸟类飞进有光的修建物里。分析:题目是说:光污染是如何影响野生动物?下列哪个说法不正确?关键词就是wildlife,在最后一段里,可以找到内容: Light pollution doesn’t only affect star visibility.It can harm wildlife too.It’s clear that artificial light call attract animals,making them go off course”(谜底A).There’s increasing evidence.For example, that migrating birds use sunsets and sunrises to help find their way, says Sydney Gauthreaus Jr., a scientist at Clemson University in South Carolina.“When light occurs at night,” he says, “it has a very disruptive(破坏性的) influence(谜底C).”Sometimes birds fly into lighted towers(谜底D),high rises,and cables from radio and televisioll towers.Experts estimate that millions of birds die this way every year.所以,谜底B并未提到。

5.Which of the following is closest(最靠近的) in meaning(意思) to the title"Light Night,Dark Stars"?A. The night sky is light colored and stars are black夜空是浅色的而星星是玄色的.B. Lights appear at night and stars are seen in the dark光显现在夜晚而在黑黑暗人们瞥见星星.C. Cities lights illunfinate the night sky and make stars invisible都会的灯光照亮了夜空而使得星星已经无法瞥见.D City lights at night illuminate stars in the sky.夜晚的都会的灯光照亮了天空中的星星。分析:本题是唯一的一道主旨题,所以需要纵观全文。通过我们对前4题的解答,完全可以判断出文章的主题就是说:由于不停扩大的都会,越来越多的都会灯光,已经成为一种污染,使得天空中的星星黯然失色,所以谜底就是C。

例二:Declining Interest in Developing Foreign Language Skills1. Australia’s foreign language skills are declining, voice of America has reported. New figures show that only 13 percent of high school graduates can speak a foreign language. But four decades ago, 40 percent had foreign language skills.2. Professor Elise Tipton, from the University of Sydney, says increasingly students do not feel the need to learn another language to boost their career. She believes that Australia’s economic boom, which is driven by red-hot demand for its minerals, is helping mask serious deficiencies in its language skills.3. Australia does business very successfully in English with most of its trading partners. But as the world’s economic power shifts to emerging regions such as Asia, its language gap could soon be exposed. According to the new figures, less than 6.5 percent of high school graduates are proficient in an Asian language. Academics worry that this means Australia will increasingly be isolated from its economically important Asian neighbors. Dilip Dutta, from the economics and business faculty at Sydney University, says language skills can enhance trading opportunities. If Australians want to trade with Asian countries, it is very important for them to learn the language that will help them to get closer to the culture.4. But students have different opinions about Asian language learning Pippa McCowage, a 22-year-old Australian student, says many young Australians have a half-hearted approach to foreign languages, and the language curriculum is often weak. “While we’re encouraged in high school to learn another language, it’s not really apparent to me as a realistic expectation that you will have to speak it,” said McCowage. “For example, I learned Japanese in high school, when I went on an exchange in Year 10, I found that the Japanese students of my age had a much greater proficiency in English than I did in Japanese. So in that sense, it almost discourages you.5. At present, about 70 percent of Australia’s major exports go to Asia and the Australian government has been keen on developing closer economic and diplomatic ties with Asia. Academics say that, as Asia becomes one of the world’s economic powerhouses, Australia needs to improve its language skills if it is to take full advantage of the business opportunities on its doorstep. 1. How much percent of high school graduates were proficient in foreign languages forty years ago?A. 70. B) 13. C) 40. D) 6.5.2. What can be inferred from paragraph 2?A) Australia has rich deposits of minerals.B) Australia is essentially a self-sufficient country.C) Australia has no intention to trade with Asian countries.D) Australian students are not required to learn a foreign language.3.What does Dilip Dutta think language skills can do?A. Improve your relation with your partner.B. Help settle international conflicts.C. Remove barriers in negotiations.D. Increase trading opportunities.4. Why has the Australian government been keenly interested in strengthening ties with Asia?A) Because Asia is where Australia is located.B) Because Asia is where Australia’s major exports go.C) Because Asia is where Australians go and spend their holidays.C) Because Asia is where Australia can play a big role in international affairs.5. The word "faculty" in paragraph 3 can be replaced by _______.A) college. B) institute. C) university. D) department.解题目:Declining衰退的Interest兴趣 in Developing生长、开发 Foreign Language外语 Skills技术,所以串在一起可以将之明白成:逐渐丧失提高外语技术的兴趣。通过明白题目,我们可以推测一下,在文章中foreign languages和declining interest应是焦点词。接下来,来看5道题的题目,对出题方式加以判断:1,3,4都是细节题,而2题是推断题;5题是词语释义题。

针对差别出题方式的题目要以差别的方法加以应对。1. How much percent百分数of high school graduates(高中结业生) were proficient(醒目的)in foreign languages forty years ago(40年前)?A) 70. B)13. C) 40. D) 6.5.分析:这是细节题,关键词:high school graduates,forty years ago。位于第一题的位置,所以谜底应该泉源于第一段:Australia’s foreign language skills are declining, Voice of America has reported. New figures(数字)show that only 13 percent of high school graduates can speak a foreign language. But four decades(一个decade是10年) ago(40年前), 40 percent had foreign language skills(谜底的出处). 2. What can be inferred(推测出) from paragraph 2?A) Australia has rich deposits of minerals.(澳大利亚有富厚的矿藏)B) Australia is essentially a self-sufficient country.C) Australia has no intention to trade with Asian countries.D) Australian students are not required to learn a foreign language.分析:题目中有infer,所以该题是推断题。

因此,需要读第二段,寻找焦点内容,主要是要找到关键句:Professor Elise Tipton, from the University of Sydney, says increasingly students do not feel the need to learn another language to boost their career. She believes that Australia’s economic boom(经济的繁荣), which is driven(受到驱动) by red-hot(很是有活力的)demand(要求)for its minerals矿物(焦点词), is helping mask掩盖 serious deficiencies不足 in its language skills.注意:一般发现A、B、C、D四个选项中,哪个选项泛起中心词,一般该选项就是正确谜底。3.What does Dilip Dutta think language skills can do?A. Improve your relation with your partner.B. Help settle international conflicts.C. Remove barriers in negotiations.D. Increase trading opportunities.分析:这是一道尺度的细节题,中心词就是:Dilip Dutta。带着它,我们可以在第三段里搜索到相关的语句:Dilip Dutta, from the economice and business faculty at Sydney University, says language skills can enhance trading opportunities(谜底D出处!). IF Australians want to trade with Asian countries, it is very important for them to learn the language that will help them to get closer to the culture. 4. Why has the Australian government (澳大利亚政府)been keenly(强烈地) interested in strengthening(增强) ties(联系)with Asia(亚洲)?A) Because Asia is where Australia is located.B) Because Asia is where Australia’s major exports go.C) Because Asia is where Australians go and spend their holidays.C) Because Asia is where Australia can play a big role in international affairs.分析:从题目的类型来说,一定是细节题,找到焦点词:Australian government,keenly interested in,ties with Asia。

我们会发现焦点词没有泛起在第四段中,而在最后一段中泛起了:At present, about 70 percent of Australia’s major exports(主要的出口货物) go to Asia and (该词相当于so,因果关系连词)the Australian government has been keen on developing closer(亲密的) economic(经济的) and diplomatic (外交的)ties with Asia(谜底出处). Academics say that, as Asia becomes one of the world’s economic powerhouses(支柱), Australia needs to improve its language skills if it is to take full advantage of the business opportunities on its doorstep. 5. The word "faculty" in paragraph 3 can be replaced by _______.A) college学院. B) institute学会、研究所 C) university大学. D) department系.分析:这是一道词语释义题。大家可以查字典,也可以凭据单词泛起的前后文来判断:Dilip Dutta, from the economics(经济学) and business(商业) faculty at Sydney University,。因为后面有...university, 因此自然想到是大学里的“系”。


本文关键词:亚慱体育官网APP在线下载,「,职称英语,」,知识点,解说,大全,一,、

本文来源:亚慱体育app在线下载ios-www.nysllcwfw.com